THE BEST TRIP TO CUSCO
Cusco is located in the southeast of the country comprising mostly mountainous areas; this region is fully influenced by early Andean civilizations such as Huari and Tiahuanaco It is also the birthplace of the Inca Empire and place of the Inca's resistance in Vilcabamba after the conquest of Peru.
In the sixteenth century the first vines grown in the Americas and the first Pisco were produced at the hacienda Marcahuasi-Cusco
Its main agricultural resources are potato, corn, barley, quinoa, tea and coffee.
In the capital the most remarkable are the Cathedral, one of the oldest catholic churches in Peru XVI century, the Convent of Santo Domingo built on the Temple dedicated to the Sun, San Blas neighborhood known as the artisans district, La Merced Church which hold a gold monstrance over two feet high adorned with over 600 pearls and 1528 diamonds which is considered one of the most famous of the world's goldsmith, the Museum of Popular Art and the Pre-Columbian Art museum.
Around the town, the Inca Temple of Sacsayhuaman stands as the protector of the great ancient city of Cuzco further, the religious Qenqo Amphitheater and the fortress of Pucca Pucara and Tambomachay show an impressive architecture.
In the Urubamba valley known as Sacred Valley of the Incas impressive terraces can be seen, along the way there are some colorful villages such us Yucay, Urubamba, Chinchero and Ollantaytambo, where we found a huge fortress .
The amazing Machu Picchu one of the New Wonders of the World is a highlight, the Manu National Park one of the richest nature reserve in the world and the Andean range with high glaciers like Ausangate, Salkantay and Véronica are very impressive.
Area: Peru is 1,285,215 km2, or more than 2 times that of France, Switzerland 30 times, 40 times for Belgium and 3 / 4 times in Quebec.
30 million people, or just over 20 inhabitants per square kilometer. One third of the population lives in Lima, which also concentrates more than 90% of the country's wealth.
Democratic Republic. The Chairman and members of Congress are elected every 5 years.
Current President: Ollanta Humala
Religions: Catholicism (89%), other (11%)
Languages: Spanish is spoken throughout the country with the exception of some extremely remote villages in the mountains and some native communities in the Amazon. Quechua and Aymara are still spoken in rural areas.
Money: The currency of Peru is the "Nuevo Sol. The exchange offices are numerous in all cities and open 7 days. In cities where there is tourism, is also easily exchange the euro. Exchange rates fluctuate around the following values:
1 U.S. $ = 2.88 SOL
1 € = 3.35 SOL
There are ATMs in every city where you can get U.S. dollars or soles.
Credit cards are widely accepted in restaurants, shops and hotels of a certain level, sometimes with a substantial commission. Visa card is by far the most prevalent.
Traveler's checks can be exchanged at banks or in some exchange offices, with relatively low commissions they are in U.S. dollars. However, traveler's checks in other currencies are converted at rates very unfavorable.
Time zone: GMT-5h. There are 6 hour time difference with France, Belgium and Switzerland from October to March and 7:00 from March to October (during the summer time in Europe). There is no time difference with Quebec in the winter and 1 hour ahead in summer.